The new rule for the future is going to be, “Anything that can be connected, will be connected.”
The basic idea is that IoT will connect objects around us (electronic, electrical, non electrical) to provide seamless communication and contextual services provided by them. The IoT allows objects to be sensed or controlled remotely across existing network infrastructure, creating opportunities for more direct integration of the physical world into computer-based systems, and resulting in improved efficiency, accuracy and economic benefit in addition to reduced human intervention.
The IoT is significant because an object that can represent itself digitally becomes something greater than the object by itself. No longer does the object relate just to its user, but is now connected to surrounding objects and database data. When many objects act in unison, they are known as having “ambient intelligence.”
Typically, IoT is expected to offer advanced connectivity of devices, systems, and services that goes beyond machine-to-machine (M2M) communications and covers a variety of protocols, domains, and applications. The interconnection of these embedded devices (including smart objects), is expected to usher in automation in nearly all fields, while also enabling advanced applications like a smart grid, smart home, wearables and expanding to areas such as smart cities.
Enabling Intelligent Systems – The IoT allows designers to bring innovative solutions to new industries and markets. With advances in electronics enabling longer battery life, reduced wiring costs and improvements to employee safety, features such as centralized and integrated system control, predictive maintenance, asset tracking, energy optimization and telemetry are becoming increasingly common.
The IoT links objects to the Internet, enabling data and insights never available before. In other words, virtually every physical thing in this world can also become a computer that is connected to the Internet.